History of Turquoise
Turquoise is a blue to gray-green mineral consisting of copper aluminum phosphate. The mineral is a hyrous phosphate of aluminum, which includes a small percent of copper. The copper is what gives the mineral its blue coloring. When the turquoise mineral is associated with iron, thats when you get the greenish turquoise. If the mineral contains zinc, the turquoise mineral will be a yellowish color.
The Mineral Turquoise is formed by a chemical reaction which occurs when water containing specific minerals such as copper and aluminum leak through rock. It forms in veins, which later then turn into a clump of turquoise.
Turquoise deposits are found in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, California, Nevada, Virginia and Utah. The turquoise mineral is considered one of the highest value minerals in the world by most collectors. American Turquoise is valued by its matrix pattern, color, hardness and by origin. Turquoise made in the southwest is now know as one of the most valuable in the world.
A turquoise history fact that most people dont know, its the turquoise gem stone has been belived to be a holy stone, and used for getting rid of negative energy. The brightness of the color is supposed to be the symbol of happiness, and is also belived to increase a persons self confidence.
A few facts of some of the most popular Turquoise ever mined.
Located near the towns of Battle Mountain and Tenabo, the Lander Blue Turquoise mine has produced some of the most beautiful spider web turquoise ever discovered. Today, Lander Blue is considered the rarest and most valuable turquoise available with its cerulean blues and contrasting black matrix. Less than 110 pounds of this spectacular turquoise was mined.
One of the greatest producers of Nevada turquoise, The Lone Mountain mine is located in Esmerelda County, Nevada. Lone Mountain Turquoise ranges from a vivid clear blue to a dark blue spider web. Lone Mountain is still mined today by Chris Lott, (owner) who continues to mine small pockets.
The Bisbee Turquoise from Bibsee Arizona is some of the most collectable turquoise that has ever come out of the ground. This special turquoise is rare because miners dug up the stones in 1970, and the mine closed in 1979. What makes these stones valuable is that they are hard to find and have a deep dark smoky blue matrix.
Sleeping Beauty mine is located in Globe, Arizona is considered to be one of the most important turquoise producing mines in the world. Sleeping Beauty Turquoise is revered and highly saught after due to its pure sky blue color which shows very little to no veining or webbing. Its pure color and natural strength make Sleeping Beauty Turquoise characteristics a favorite for jewelry makers and artists around the world.
The Carico Lake mine is located south of Battle Mountain in Lander County, NV. This Turquoise mine produces turquoise in multiple shades of blue to beautiful greens. Carico Lake Turquoise has become very popular and highly collectable for its beautiful shades of lime green and sky blue with a golden brown spiderweb matrix.
Considered some of the finest and most sought-after Turquoise from Nevada. Number 8 turquoise features spider webbing, colors vary from light blue, with shades of green, to dark blue and the matrix ranges from golden to reddish brown or black.
Has gained much popularity over the years with its pastel blue coloring much like the color of Larimar. Only high grade Dry Creek turquoise has a beautiful light brown brown and golden yellow matrix.
The Dry Creek mine in Nevada was first discovered during the early 1990's by Nevada's Shoshone Native American Tribe. The shoshone are not typically jewelry makers and had privately leased the mining rights on a limited basis or used the stone as trade. Dry Creek has been mined for a number of years producing a creamy blue stone often with golden or cocoa brown matrix but can have extreme variations depending on the areas mined. The hardness of the Turquoise also varied. The best dry creek is hard and takes an exceptional shine.